Saturday, October 14, 2006

The Beginning "1993 Internet Revolution"


The development of the internet is filled with currents and counter-currents, repression, dissension and rebellion. It isn't a simple story of success after success but rather includes missed opportunities, projects that were feasible and still haven't been achieved, and futile efforts, projects that were repeatedly attempted despite being provably impossible. The history of the internet is filled with individual events, none of them meaningful without context. This is the story of the internet, not one of heroic god figures walking upon the Earth but of human beings who dream and act upon those dreams.

The 80's

* 1980 - Making use of Unix v7's UUCP facility, A News sees the birth of Usenet between UNC and Duke universities. At this time, the ARPANET is a tightly-controlled self-contained network under the regulation of the US Defense Communications Agency. In contrast, the UUCPnet is quickly conceived of as a self-regulated public network mostly kept hidden from management. After all, management does have to approve hundreds of 1980 dollars in monthly phone bills and possibly several thousand in initial equipment expenditures.

* 1980 - Mark Horton feeds the human-nets ARPANET mailing list into the FA.Human-nets Usenet newsgroup. Human-nets discusses the implications of a worldwide computer communications network, usually referred to as WorldNet. The connection is strictly one-way but the ability to eavesdrop on ARPANET discussions provides critical incentive to join Usenet.

* 1981 - UCB's ucbvax is used as a gateway between the ARPANET and Usenet for various mailing lists. This initial breach in the iron curtain is precarious. MIT loses several months fighting legal battles after being threatened off of the ARPANET for serving as a gateway from Usenet. It remains impossible for a UUCPnet user to send email to an ARPANET user.

* 1982 - The word "cyberspace" is coined by William Gibson in his novelette "Burning Chrome" and will subsequently be popularized in his novel "Neuromancer" (1984).

* 1983 - Usenet gets its first cross-Atlantic link using a dialup modem connecting DEC's decvax and Mathematisch Centrum's mcvax in the Netherlands.

* 1983 - TCP/IP replaces the ARPANET's NCP. It will not be adopted in Europe where OSI models are considered sacred despite the hatred of the users they are imposed on.

* 1984 April 1 - Piet Beertema of MC forges a news article from President Chernenko of the USSR announcing the Soviet Union's entry on the Usenet. Some people caught in the hoax respond that it was in bad taste to raise their hopes of much improved US-USSR relations. The Pentagon will investigate "how to deal with" this breach in national security, the USSR's entry on Usenet. The USA maintains an embargo of advanced computing technology.

* 1984 June - FidoNet is created over version 7 of Fido.

* 1985 April - The WELL (originally Whole Earth 'Lectronic Link) goes online.

* 1987 May - John Gilmore, Brian Reid and Gordon Moffett unilaterally create the alt. hierarchy of Usenet, starting with alt.drugs.

* 1988 April - Gene Spafford unilaterally refuses to create, prompting the creation of and alt.rock-n-roll. It will be some time before anyone realizes that alt. newsgroups are immortal.

* 1988 August - The first IRC network, EFnet, goes online.

* 1988 November 2 - Robert Morris unleashes the first ever internet worm

* 1988 November 17 - EUnet gets its first open transatlantic connection with the internet.

* 1989 Tim Berners-Lee created HTML as everyone knows and loathes. He is credited with inventing the web, despite the fact that he did not.

The 90's

* 1990 July - Mitch Kapor, John Perry Barlow, and John Gilmore found the Electronic Frontier Foundation to protect civil liberties on the internet in response to the US Secret Service's seizure of Steve Jackson Games' computers (no charges were filed, the company was nearly ruined).

* 1990 October - Col Needham releases shell scripts that allow searching of rec.arts.movies' datafiles. This will eventually become the IMDB (Internet Movie Database).

* 1991 - MP3 is defined and standardized.

* 1991 - Gopher is released.

* 1992 - The Lynx browser is released to work over Gopher and native markup.

* 1993 - The US government announces the Clipper chip as a means to promote encryption breakable by the government. The proposal is roundly condemned.

* 1993 Mosaic version 1.0 is released. It was described as "the killer application of the 1990s" because it was the first program to provide a slick multimedia graphical user interface to the Internet.

* 1994 January - is founded.

* 1994 July 7 - The Fraunhofer Society released the first MP3 encoder called l3enc.

* 1994 December - Netscape releases Netscape Navigator 1.0

* 1995 - goes online.

* 1995 - Deja News' searchable Usenet archive goes online.

* 1995 September - Ebay goes online out of Pierre Omidyar's living room.

* 1995 August - Infoseek goes online as a directory service, available on a paid subscription basis.

* 1995 December - DEC labs' Altavista research project goes online, available for free.

* 1996 - The Internet Archive is founded. The Wayback Machine's archive dates back to 1995.

* 1996 November - ICQ was introduced by Mirabilis, an Israeli start-up company. The first general instant messenger for non-UNIX computers.

* 1996 December - Macromedia Flash version 1.0 is released. (Source: The History of Flash)

* 1997 - Winamp is released.

* 1997 September - Stanford University's Google research project goes online

* 1998 January - the Drudge Report initiates the Clinton sex scandal

* 1998 - PHP version 3.0 is released. The first version that closely resembles PHP as we know it today

* 1998 - Audiogalaxy started.

* 1999 - Napster is released. It was the first peer-to-peer music sharing service. It led audiogalaxy to create its famed P2P satellite.

*2000-2006- I hope This Part we all know!

It is not The End and never be end for internet!!

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